Thongsha Gumpha

Thongsha Gumpha, Kalimpong

Thongsha Gumpha, Kalimpong

Set in the picturesque hill town of Kalimpong in West Bengal, India, is the Thongsha Gumpha, often referred to as the Bhutanese Monastery. Established in 1692, it is the oldest monastery in the region, boasting a rich history, spiritual significance, and architectural beauty. This tranquil retreat not only offers spiritual solace but also provides a glimpse into the region’s historical and cultural fabric.

History and Significance of Thongsha Gumpha

Thongsha Gumpha, also known as Zang Dog Palri Monastery, was originally built by the Bhutanese King, Gyalse Tenzin Rabgay. The monastery was destroyed by fire and was later rebuilt in 1837. It is considered a significant site for followers of Buddhism, housing many sacred texts and scriptures of the faith.

The name ‘Zang Dog Palri’ refers to the celestial abode of Guru Padmasambhava, a revered figure in Tibetan Buddhism. The monastery is believed to be a symbolic representation of this spiritual realm, lending it a profound significance.

Architecture and Artistry

The Thongsha Gumpha is a masterpiece of traditional Buddhist architecture, blending aesthetics with spiritual symbolism. The monastery features exquisite frescoes and wall paintings depicting various episodes from the life of Buddha and scenes from the Jataka Tales.

At the heart of the monastery is a prayer hall, home to a magnificent statue of Lord Buddha, surrounded by several smaller Buddhist deities figures. Prayer wheels line the periphery of the monastery, each inscribed with Buddhist mantras, which are believed to spread spiritual blessings and positive energy when spun.

Spiritual Experience at Thongsha Gumpha

The Thongsha Gumpha is a haven of tranquility amidst the bustling town of Kalimpong. The rhythmic chants of the monks, the soft fluttering of the prayer flags, and the calming aura create a serene environment, ideal for meditation and introspection. Visitors often participate in prayer sessions, which provide a unique opportunity to connect with one’s spiritual self and experience inner peace.

Beyond Spirituality

Apart from its spiritual appeal, Thongsha Gumpha offers panoramic views of the surrounding landscapes, given its hilltop location. The view of the sun setting over the majestic Himalayan range, with the monastery in the foreground, is an awe-inspiring spectacle that captivates visitors.


The Thongsha Gumpha, with its rich spiritual essence, historic significance, and breathtaking vistas, is a must-visit destination in Kalimpong. It offers a peaceful retreat from the hustle of city life, a place where you can connect with your inner self and bask in the serenity of your surroundings. Whether you seek spiritual enlightenment or wish to explore the cultural heritage of the region, a visit to Thongsha Gumpha promises an enriching and memorable experience.

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